Carbide vs. Steel

Hyperion Materials & Technologies has over 60 years of experience in the development, manufacturing, and application of cemented carbide wear components (wear parts). Cemented carbide is one of the most successful composite engineering materials ever produced with a unique combination of strength, hardness, and toughness that satisfies the most demanding wear applications. 

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Carbide - A Versatile Material


A key feature of the cemented carbide is the potential to vary its composition so that the resulting physical and chemical properties ensure maximum resistance to wear, deformation, fracture, corrosion, and oxidation. In addition, the wide variety of shapes and sizes that can be produced using modern powder metallurgical processing offers tremendous scope to design cost-effective solutions to many of the problems of component wear and failure encountered in both the engineering and domestic environment.

Hyperion’s cemented carbides and their properties can be customized by changing the binder content and tungsten carbide to achieve the highest resistance to wear, fracture, heat, corrosion, and oxidation.

Hyperion is a world leader in cemented carbide. By involving us in the early development stages, we can help you select the best material for your application and optimize the design of your component to improve the weight, efficiency, and cost.


General Comparison of Cemented Carbide Grades Used for Wear Parts vs. Steel

  Density (g/cm3) Hardness (HV30)
Compressive Strength (MPa) Fracture Toughness KIC (MN/m3/2) Abrasion Resistance(b) (mm3) Young's Modulus (GPa) Thermal Expansion
Cemented Carbide 13 - 15.5(a)

900 - 2200

{83.5 - 94}

3000 - 8000 7 - 25 1 - 120 430 - 690 4.8 - 6
Medium Carbon Steels (AISI 1045) 7.8 - 7.9 170 - 200 {converted} 585 - 600 12 - 90 - 206 11 - 15

(a) Titanium carbonitride grade has a density of 5 to 6 g/cm3.

(b) Volume loss in mm3 according ASTM B611 Abrasion wear resistance Fargo. Wet in slurry.


Comparison of the hardness of cemented carbide vs steel

Your Hyperion salesperson can offer their expertise in selecting the cemented carbide and wear part best suited to solve your needs.

Did you know you can recycle your cemented carbide with Hyperion?  Visit our recycling page or contact us for details.